Child sexual exploitation (CSE)
The latest advice from Government (February 2017), defines child sexual exploitation as:
A form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate, or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity:
a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants
b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator.
The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.
More information is available in CSE – definition and guide for practitioners.
Child criminal exploitation (CCE)
While there is still no legal definition of child criminal exploitation, CCE as used by the VEMT Practitioner Group(s), refers to:
The act of using a minor child for labour, profit, or financial advantage. It may involve gangs and/or organised criminal networks used to store, move, export, or deal illegal drugs and/or money, and they will often use coercion, intimidation, violence and weapons.